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An FRA is an agreement between the Bank and a Customer to pay or receive the difference (called settlement money) between an agreed fixed rate (FRA rate) and the interest rate prevailing on stipulated future date (the fixing date) based on a notional amount for an agreed period (the contract period).

In short, this is a contract whereby interest rate is fixed now for a future period.
The basic purpose of the FRA is to hedge the interest rate risk.
For example, if a borrower is going to borrow FC loan for 6 months at ARR rate after 3 months, he can buy an FRA whereby he can fix interest rate for the loan
FRAs can be used by customer who has a desire or need to alter their interest rate or cash flow profile to suit their particular needs. FRAs are used by customer looking to protect themselves from, or take advantage of, future interest rate movements.
A FRA can be arranged for one to six month terms, commencing up to 18 months from deal date.

By entering into a FRA Customer has expressed his view on interest rates. If interest rate movements be different to his expectations the FRA may have the opposite effect to what customer are trying to achieve with the transaction. Customer can however, reverse or terminate the FRA.